Interesting facts about Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle

Sitting atop a volcanic plug, formed around 340 million years ago, and protected on three sides by sheer cliffs that rise steeply to over 120 m (400 ft), Edinburgh Castle has played a pivotal role in Scottish history, both as a royal residence and as a military stronghold.

The castle was erected in the years of 1124 and 1153 by David I, son of Saint Margaret of Scotland. The Romanesque St. Margaret’s Chapel was built around 1130 on the highest point of the rock and is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh. David's Tower was begun around 1367, and was completed by Robert II, King of Scots, in the 1370s.

Edinburgh Castle
View of Edinburgh Castle from the southeast

View of Edinburgh Castle on volcanic plug

St. Cuthbert's Churchyard looking towards Edinburgh Castle
St. Cuthbert's Churchyard looking towards Edinburgh Castle

James III, King of Scotland from 1460 to 1488, greatly extended the castle to serve as his permanent home. On 19 June 1566, Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart (1542–1587), chose to give birth to the later James VI of Scotland and I of England in the castle.

From the late 18th century to the early 19th, Edinburgh Castle was used to hold thousands of military prisoners from the Seven Years War, the American Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars.

William Wallace statue
The entrance to Edinburgh Castle

Nowadays, the medieval castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland.

Edinburgh Castle
View of Edinburgh Castle from Salisbury Crags

View of Edinburgh Castle from Arthur's Seat

Edinburgh Castle is Scotland’s number one paid-for tourist attraction, with over one million visitors each year. It is designated as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

No comments