Gothic architecture in Poland

Gothic Poland
Façade of the Gothic Church of St. Mary, Gdańsk

The earliest Gothic monuments in Poland date from the first half of the 13th century. These were erected by the Dominican and Franciscan orders. Most of their buildings are made of brick and characterized by the simplicity of form and the lack of towers, stained glass windows, and rich décor. In southern Poland, there are a few examples of stone constructions, but brick was usually the material used.


The Late Gothic period in Poland comprises the 15th and early 16th century; it witnessed the rapid development of urban architecture, marked by the construction of weighing houses, fortifications and university buildings. In religious art, the Gothic style survived longer, until the middle of the 16th century, coexisting with Mannerism.

The most spectacular lay building in a town was the town hall called Ratusz, usually topped with a tower. It was a symbol of a city's power in the Middle Ages.

Poland
The Old Town of Toruń

Toruń is the most Gothic urban complex in Poland. It is located in northern-central of the country, on the Vistula River. In 1997, the Old Town of Toruń was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


List of top 7 most spectacular Gothic buildings in Poland


The Gothic Wawel Cathedral in Kraków is a brick-and-stone basilica, built in the period from 1320 to 1364. It is a proud symbol of Poland's religious Heritage and political power.

Krakow Cathedral
The Wawel Cathedral, Kraków

St. Mary's Church in Kraków is an aisled Gothic basilica with a transept, erected in the early 14th century. Two towers rise above the façade of the church on the Market Square side, the taller of which (80 m/ 262 ft) is called the Bugle Tower.

Poland
St. Mary's Church, Kraków

With its 105 m (344 ft) length and 66 m (217 ft) width, the Gothic Church of St. Mary in Gdańsk is the largest church in Poland and the second largest brick church in the world after San Petronio Basilica in Bologna, Italy. The massive tower (405 steps above the city) has a height of 82 m (269 ft).

Gdansk
St. Mary's Church, Gdańsk

The Late Gothic Town Hall, housing the Historical Museum of Gdańsk, was built in stages (1379–1382, before 1462 and 1489–1492). With its 83 m (272 ft) height, it is the tallest building in the Old Town.

Street
The Town Hall, Gdańsk

Built between 1409 and 1411, St. Mary's Church is one of the oldest buildings and one of the few surviving examples of Gothic architecture in Warsaw. Its most striking characteristic is the tower, features in many historic panorama paintings of the city.

Warsaw
St. Mary's Church, Warsaw

The Gothic Town Hall in Toruń, built in the 14th century, houses a splendid Regional Museum collection. It is one of the finest examples of municipal architecture in Europe.

Gothic Torun
The Town Hall, Toruń

The Gothic Church of St. Mary in Toruń was erected by the Franciscans at the end of the 13th century. According to the Franciscan rule, the church does not have a tower but three rather small ave-bell towers instead.


Travel Poland
View of St. Mary's Church from the Tower of the Town Hall, Toruń

Have you ever been to Poland? Do you like Gothic architecture? Feel free to post a comment below.


Location: Poland Map
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6 comments

  1. Patricia Chamberlain10:38 pm EEST

    These pictures are all beautiful! I have never been to Poland, but I'd love to visit! I love old architecture.

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  2. I didn't know there was such beautiful architecture in Poland! I've always been a fan of gothic architecture. These photos are great!

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  3. These are so breathtakingly beautiful. I want to visit poland soon. St Mary church, wawel and town hall would be on my list.

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  4. Yes I LOOOOVE Gothic architecture! But I've never been to Poland. As always, your photos are incredible, and make me want to go there!

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  5. I have never been to Poland but it is on my list! Great photos, the architecture is amazing!

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  6. I've not been to Torun and I never really heard about it's gothic architecture before. Though as rightly mentioned by you, the one in Krakow and Warsaw is amazing and I had a chance to visit.

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