Berlin: The Capital of Germany

Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, located in northeastern of the country on the banks of the rivers Spree and Havel.



Five interesting facts about Berlin:


  • The name came from the West Slavic word “berl”, which means “swamp”.
  • The first written record of the city's name dates back to 1251.
  • It was the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), the Third Reich (1933–1945) and East Germany (1949–1989).
  • It is the most heavily bombed city in history – during World War II, large parts of Berlin were destroyed by bombing raids, fires and street battles.
  • The Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marks the end of the Cold War.

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Reichstag building (built in 1884–1894), Berlin

Berlin Cathedral
The Cathedral (built in 1984–1905), Berlin

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The Victory Column (built in 1864–1873), Berlin

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St. Mary's Church (built in the 13th century), Berlin

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The World Clock (built in 1969), Alexanderplatz, Berlin

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The building of the Criminal Court Moabit (built in 1902–1906), Berlin

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The main railway station (opened in 2006), Berlin

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Sculpture of hand with digital clock, Berlin

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Larus argentatus, Berlin

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Potsdamer Platz, Berlin

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The Sony Center, Berlin

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Breitscheidplatz, Berlin

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Night view of the Mitte district, Berlin

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Night view of the Fernsehturm (built in 1965–1969), Berlin

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Night view of the Brandenburg Gate (built in 1778–1891), Berlin

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Night view of the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (built in 1891–1895), Berlin



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